Afghan Viewers Overview

Water Gages Viewer

Scientists with the USGS Water Project worked collaboratively with the Afghanistan Geological Survey (AGS) and the Afghanistan Ministry of Energy and Water (MEW) to compile hydrogeologic data on Afghanistan’s water resources, and to develop data-collection networks necessary for the understanding and management of these resources. Most hydrologic and climatic data-collection activities in Afghanistan were interrupted in the early 1980s as a consequence of war and civil strife and did not resume until 2003 or later. Because of the gap of more than 20 years in the record of hydrologic and climatic observations, investigators with the Water Project made considerable use of remotely sensed data and, where available, historical records.

Water Gages

Hyperspectral Surface Materials Map Viewer

Hyperspectral imaging is an advanced imaging technique that measures visible and near-infrared light reflecting off the Earth’s surface. Researchers use hyperspectral imaging spectrometer data to identify and characterize mineral deposits, vegetation, and other land surface features. In 2007, USGS scientists acquired airborne hyperspectral data for most of Afghanistan as part of the USGS Oil and Natural Gas Resources Project assessment of earthquake hazards and natural resources, including coal, water, and mineral deposits. The team used the HyMap imaging spectrometer, which measures 128 channels of reflected sunlight at wavelengths between 0.4 and 2.5 microns, to collect over 200 flight lines worth of data that covered 438,012 square kilometers of the Afghan landscape. The resulting dataset includes more than 800,000,000 pixels of hyperspectral data.

Geological Map Product Viewer

This interactive viewer makes it possible to easily survey and access 4 series of 1:250,000-scale quadrangle maps (geologic, topographic, natural-color, false-color) covering the entire country of Afghanistan.

Quad-Data Index Viewer

USGS has created a series of 50 quadrangle (quad) Landsat image composites data relating to mineral resources and scanned and georeferenced historical Soviet era 1:200,000 scale topographic maps. The Quad-Data Index Viewer provides download access to this collection of data.

Quad-Data Index

Information Packages Viewer

Working with the Department of Defense Task Force for Business and Stability Operations (TFBSO), members of the USGS Minerals Project assessed fuel- and non-fuel mineral resources of Afghanistan from October 2009 to September 2011 with the goal of identifying particular deposits that could be relatively easily developed. The team identified key Areas of Interest (AOI)—and subareas within them—that fit these criteria. The AOIs contain mineral reserves or resources that have been well-documented through sampling in trenches, drill holes, and/or underground workings. Most are accessible by existing roads.

Information Packages

High-Resolution Hyperspectral Figure Index Viewer

The Summaries of Important Areas for Mineral Investment and Production Opportunities of Nonfuel Minerals in Afghanistan (OF 2011-1204) is a two-volume report over 1,800 pages. Because of its size, many of the map figures quality was reduced to provide a more manageable file size for downloading. USGS recognized the importance of preserving this detail, so the individual map figures were also saved at their original detail as individual PDF files. These figures are indexed geographically in the viewer providing access to a complete list of high-resolution versions by clicking on the respective green Area of Interest (AOI) polygon.

High-Resolution Hyperspectral Figure Index