## Summaries of Important Areas for Mineral Investment and

Production Opportunities of Nonfuel Minerals in Afghanistan

**Table of Contents**

By Stephen G. Peters, Trude V.V. King, Thomas J. Mack, Michael P. Chornack (eds.), and the U.S. Geological Survey Afghanistan Mineral Assessment Team

Open-File Report 2011–1204

*USGS Afghanistan Project Product No. 199*

**Volume I**

- Executive Summary iii
- 1. Introduction to Summaries of Important Areas for Mineral Investment and Production Opportunities in Afghanistan 1

**( n) Indicates index map reference**

**Click to view vicinity map of AOI**

- 2A. Summary of the Aynak Copper, Cobalt, and Chromium Area of Interest 36
- 2B. Hyperspectral Mapping Analysis of the Aynak Copper, Cobalt, and Chromium Area of Interest 95
- 2C. Geohydrologic Summary of the Aynak Copper, Cobalt, and Chromium Area of Interest 135

- 3A. Summary of the Badakhshan Gold Area of Interest 161
- 3B. Hyperspectral Mapping Analysis of the Badakhshan Gold Area of Interest 186
- 3C. Geohydrologic Summary of the Badakhshan Gold Area of Interest 203

- 4A. Summary of the Balkhab Copper Area of Interest 224
- 4B. Hyperspectral Mapping Analysis of the Balkhab Copper Area of Interest 248
- 4C. Geohydrologic Summary of the Balkhab Copper Area of Interest 275

- 5A. Summary of the Daykundi Tin and Tungsten Area of Interest 294
- 5B. Hyperspectral Mapping Analysis of the Daykundi Tin and Tungsten Area of Interest 314
- 5C. Geohydrologic Summary of the Daykundi Tin and Tungsten Area of Interest 342

- 6A. Summary of the Dusar-Shaida Copper and Tin Area of Interest 363
- 6B. Hyperspectral Mapping Analysis of the Dusar-Shaida Copper and Tin Area of Interest 392
- 6C. Geohydrologic Summary of the Dusar-Shaida Copper and Tin Area of Interest 428

- 7A. Summary of the Haji-Gak Iron Area of Interest 450
- 7B. Hyperspectral Mapping Analysis of the Haji-Gak Iron Area of Interest 499
- 7C. Geohydrologic Summary of the Haji-Gak Iron Area of Interest 549
- 7D. A Reevaluation of the Geology and Mineral Resources of the Haji-Gak Iron Deposit 570

- 8A. Summary of the Katawas Gold Area of Interest 598
- 8B. Hyperspectral Mapping Analysis of the Katawas Gold Area of Interest 617
- 8C. Geohydrologic Summary of the Katawas Gold Area of Interest 642

- 9A. Summary of the Karnak-Khanjar Mercury Area of Interest 665
- 9B. Hyperspectral Mapping Analysis of the Karnak-Khanjar Mercury Area of Interest 693
- 9C. Geohydrologic Summary of the Karnak-Khanjar Mercury Area of Interest 729

- 10A. Summary of the Kundalan Copper and Gold Area of Interest 747
- 10B. Hyperspectral Mapping Analysis of the Kundalan Copper and Gold Area of Interest 778
- 10C. Geohydrologic Summary of the Kundalan Copper and Gold Area of Interest 835

**Volume II**

- 11A. Summary of the Nalbandon Lead and Zinc Area of Interest 851
- 11B. Hyperspectral Mapping Analysis of the Nalbandon Lead and Zinc Area of Interest 895
- 11C. Geohydrologic Summary of the Nalbandon Lead and Zinc Area of Interest 933

- 12A. Summary of the North Takhar Gold Placer Area of Interest 951
- 12B. Geohydrologic Summary of the North Takhar Gold Placer Area of Interest 969

- 13A. Summary of the Panjsher Valley Emerald, Iron, and Silver Area of Interest 987
- 13B. Hyperspectral Mapping Analysis of the Panjsher Valley Emerald, Iron, and Silver Area of Interest 1017
- 13C. Geohydrologic Summary of the Panjsher Valley Emerald, Iron, and Silver Area of Interest 1046

- 14A. Summary of the Tourmaline Tin Area of Interest 1061
- 14B. Hyperspectral Mapping Analysis of the Tourmaline Tin Area of Interest 1078
- 14C. Geohydrologic Summary of the Tourmaline Tin Area of Interest 1096

- 15A. Summary of the Zarkashan Copper and Gold Area of Interest 1113
- 15B. Hyperspectral Mapping Analysis of the Zarkashan Copper and Gold Area of Interest 1154
- 15C. Geohydrologic Summary of the Zarkashan Copper and Gold Area of Interest 1206

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- 17A. Summary of the Baghlan Clay and Gypsum Area of Interest 1271
- 17B. Hyperspectral Mapping Analysis of the Baghlan Clay and Gypsum Area of Interest 1284
- 17C. Geohydrologic Summary of the Baghlan Clay and Gypsum Area of Interest 1303

- 18A. Summary of the Bakhud Fluorite Area of Interest 1320
- 18B. Hyperspectral Mapping Analysis of the Bakhud Fluorite Area of Interest 1328
- 18C. Geohydrologic Summary of the Bakhud Fluorite Area of Interest 1347

- 19A. Summary of the Dudkash Industrial Minerals Area of Interest 1363
- 19B. Hyperspectral Mapping Analysis of the Dudkash Industrial Minerals Area of Interest 1382
- 19C. Geohydrologic Summary of the Dudkash Industrial Minerals Area of Interest 1401

- 20A. Summary of the Ghunday-Achin Magnesite and Talc Area of Interest 1420
- 20B. Geohydrologic Summary of the Ghunday-Achin Magnesite and Talc Area of Interest 1435

- 21A. Summary of the Khanneshin Carbonatite Area of Interest 1455
- 21B. Hyperspectral Mapping Analysis of the Khanneshin Carbonatite Area of Interest 1476
- 21C. Geohydrologic Summary of the Khanneshin Carbonatite Area of Interest 1500

- 22A. Summary of the Kunduz Celestite Area of Interest 1521
- 22B. Hyperspectral Mapping Analysis of the Kunduz Celestite Area of Interest 1535
- 22C. Geohydrologic Summary of the Kunduz Celestite Area of Interest 1550

- 23A. Summary of the North Herat Barium and Limestone Area of Interest 1568
- 23B. Hyperspectral Mapping Analysis of parts of the North Herat Barium and Limestone Area of Interest 1580
- 23C. Geohydrologic Summary of the North Herat Barium and Limestone Area of Interest 1610

- 24A. Summary of the Nuristan Pegmatite Area of Interest 1630
- 24B. Geohydrologic Summary of the Nuristan Pegmatite Area of Interest 1654

- 25A. Summary of the South Helmand Travertine Area of Interest 1673
- 25B. Hyperspectral Mapping Analysis of the South Helmand Travertine Area of Interest 1725
- 25C. Geohydrologic Summary of the South Helmand Travertine Area of Interest 1741

- 26A. Summary of the Takhar Evaporite Area of Interest 1760
- 26B. Hyperspectral Mapping Analysis of the Takhar Evaporite Area of Interest 1776
- 26C. Geohydrologic Summary of the Takhar Evaporite Area of Interest 1795

**Appendixes**

[The appendixes are not printed. A DVD in the pocket of volume I contains the whole report, including appendixes 1–3]

Appendix 1. Inventory Spreadsheets for Information Packages Compiled for Each Area of Interest.

Appendix 2. Streamflow Statistics at Ungaged Sites in Areas of Interest.

Appendix 3. Groundwater Hydrographs at or Near Areas of Interest.

**Click here for links to the high-resolution versions of the figures for the hyperspectral mapping analysis and spatial index map.**

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